السلام عليكم و رحمة الله,
Okay, so we’ve covered the main indicator of نصب (nasb). Now, for the other indicators, starting with ا. Because there is only one situation where the ا is used to signal nasb, this is going to be a shorter post. Let’s do this:
Substitution of ا for فتحة
وَأمَا الألِفُ فَتَكُونُ عَلامَةً لِلنَصبِ فِي الأسْماءِ الخَمْسَةِ, نَحْوُ رَأيتُ أباكَ وَأخاكَ وَما أشْبَهَ ذَلِكَ
As for ا (alif), it is an indicator of nasb in the “five nouns”, as in رأيتُ أباكَ و أخاكَ (“I saw your father and brother”) and whatever is similar to that.
We already know what the “five nouns” are from when we did Going high with رفع, Part 2: و. We saw then that when they are in رفع, they will show it using the letter و. When their state changes to nasb, you will see the letter ا instead of و. In a future post إن شاء الله, you’ll see that in state of خَفض (also known as جَرّ), you’d expect ي to be there.
Consider these examples: [Read more…] about Standing tall with نَصب, Part 2: ا (Alif)